What is Egg Donation?
Egg donation is the transfer of oocyte or egg in order to facilitate the pregnancy of a woman with fertility characteristics. It is one of the methods used in IVF treatment and is one of the auxiliary ways used to get pregnant. In medicine, this method of treatment is considered a donation, not a transfer. Women who do not have the possibility of pregnancy for various reasons can have children in this way.
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In Which Situations Is Egg Donation Preferred?
Egg donation is used for women who cannot conceive due to genetic factors or lack of egg development. Egg donation can be made to women who have adverse conditions such as hereditary disease, egg failure, extraordinary conditions in chromosomes, endomeriosis
causing infertility, abnormalities in the fetus. In addition, egg donation can be made to women who are not in a position to use their own eggs due to their advanced age, but who want to become pregnant.
Who Can Have Egg Donation?
- -Women whose egg production has stopped
- -Those who have entered menopause, those who have a womb even though they have entered menopause
- -Those whose ovaries were removed by surgery their early age
- -Those with hereditary disorders
- -Failure of the ovaries to function
- -Women who have had multiple miscarriages
- -Those who did not respond to treatment despite being treated for egg development
- -Those who have serious genetic disorders and do not want their children to pass on these diseases.
- -Those who have their ovaries removed due to various diseases such as cancer or infection
- -Those with unsuccessful IVF experience
- -Those whose eggs are not of good quality and reserve can have children thanks to the egg donation method.
What You Need to Know Before Egg Donation
If there is no problem as a result of the tests, the buyer signs a document stating that he has done this on his own will. The purpose of this document is not only to allow the recipient to take responsibility, but also to allow the donor not to lay claim to the child. After the examinations, the buyer has the right to withdraw until the action is taken.
In most countries, the identity of the donor is kept confidential, and the family is informed that they have all the legal rights of the child.
Many families are looking for an IVF center for egg donation. Since this treatment is not available in every country, families generally prefer TRNC. Families who have the opportunity to vacation in this country also perform their treatments. In this sense, Cyprus offers many advantages. Although it is affordable compared to other countries in terms of price, frozen eggs are not used in IVF centers. Due to the number of donors, families do not wait for a long time.
How is Egg Donation Performed?
In this treatment, the in vitro fertilization method is used. Egg cells taken from donors are fertilized with the partner’s sperm. The embryo obtained by the union of the egg and sperm is placed in the womb of the woman who wants to become pregnant, that is, the recipient. There are two people in the treatment, the recipient and the donor.
The main purpose of IVF treatment is to ensure the development of eggs. This treatment is applied to the woman who donates eggs. The procedure performed on the recipient woman is only to prepare her for pregnancy. Both treatments can be performed simultaneously to the recipient and the donor. Embryos can be transferred fresh or frozen. Embryos are placed in the uterus within 3 to 5 days and 12 days are waited for the pregnancy to occur. At the end of 12 days, a pregnancy test is performed to find out whether the woman is pregnant or not.
How Should Donor Selection Be Made?
Having egg donation in IVF Centers means that these centers have a donor pool. The profiles of the donors are examined upon their application. In addition, genetic tests and medical examinations are performed. All necessary tests are done to ensure that there is no problem of mating with sperm.
- -a physical examination
- -drug testing
- -Blood analysis
- -Screening for hereditary disease
- -Screening for infectious disease
- -The medical history of the donor and his family is examined.
Conditions for the Donor
There are some conditions sought in the donor, which we can name as a donor;
- -The egg quality of women and the amount of eggs they will receive are important. For this
- reason, their age is generally between 21 and 35 years old.
- -There should be no genetic risks.
- -They should not have diseases such as hepatitis C or hepatitis B.
- -The purpose of psychological tests is to determine whether there are personality
- disorders, neurotic disorders, depression.
- -The donor should not have a blood clotting problem.
- -Egg reserves must be healthy. In addition, necessary studies are carried out to ensure that
- eggs are taken from the donor and that he does not become sterile later on.
- -In addition, if the donor is having sexual intercourse, it must be protected.
- -You should have a regular menstrual cycle.
- -Smoking, alcohol or drugs should not be used.
Tests Applied to Couples
- -Fasting blood sugar
- -blood count
- -HIV, HCV, HB reviews
- -Free TSH
- -Blood Groups
- -If necessary, HSG, Karyotype, Progesterone tests etc. can be used as advanced tests.
Is Egg Dansion the Right Choice?
Having children is the dream of many families. You can use this alternative way to become a parent instead of adopting. Egg donation allows you to become a parent by providing an alternative route when medical adoption is not possible.
Success Rate in Egg Donation
Positive results from egg donation treatment are related to the IVF center where the treatment is applied. It has been observed that a success rate of 85% has been achieved in general. In addition, there is no medical difference between being pregnant through normal means and being pregnant with the help of a donor.